Heel pain frequently occurs in adults, particularly when they tend to be physically active or over weight. The most common reason for pain in the heel is a disorder known as plantar fasciitis. The plantar fascia is a long ligament under the foot that connects the heel to the ball of the feet. Anything that puts too much force on the arch of the foot is going to strain that long ligament and cause pain. The most prevalent reasons for the strain on the arch of the feet are being more physically active, being overweight and having restricted calf muscles.
The discomfort from Plantar Fasciitis is discomfort beneath the centre of the heel bone on the bottom of the foot. The classic symptom is that the discomfort is much more intense when getting up from rest, particularly getting out of bed first thing each morning. The discomfort at this moment can be quite debilitating, but is usually alleviated after several steps to stretch it out. The pain steadily gets worse as the day goes on. There are many causes of heel pain, however this is the most frequent reason. If there are any shooting type of pain, then this hints that there could be an entrapped nerve.
The typical method of treating plantar fasciitis is to lessen the strain on that long ligament that is causing the discomfort. This could be easily done with strapping, however it is not always probably the most practical approaches other than for the short term. Foot insoles can also be very useful in early stages as well. Stretching out of the calf muscles is very important. People who play a lot of sport will need to decrease some of their activity levels to permit healing to take place. If these measures do not help there are additional options including injection therapy and shockwave therapy. As the discomfort gets better, it is essential that there is a progressive return to full activity amounts. A too rapid return to full activity could potentially cause this to happen again.